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Which Defence Posture for Austria at the Beginning of the 21st Century?

erschienen in der Publikation "Which Defence Posture for Austria at the Beginning of the 21st Century?" - Oktober 2005

Vollständiger Beitrag als PDF:  PDF ansehen PDF downloaden  11 Seiten (142 KB)


Recommendations Concerning Austria

Taking into consideration that ESDP is moving into a new phase, Austria could resolve to commit its military capacities and resources to ESDP, with a view to providing benefits to Vienna as well to its partners within the Union. This implies a radical transformation of the Austrian armed forces.

• One of the most important benefits will be the access through the ESDP military apparatus to real-time strategic information, currently unavailable at the national level to small and medium-sized European countries.
• A second benefit will be participation in the planning and conduct of military operations at the strategic and operational level of war, a capacity currently lacking in most EU countries, including Austria.
Securing such benefits will imply a set of Austrian military initiatives such as:
• Greater involvement in the EU’s defence policy process in selecting key areas where the compara-tive advantage of Austrian forces is manifest: Gebirgsjäger and Jagdkommando. In a medium term perspective, this process of force specialisation is unavoidable for most if not all European coun-tries. This specialisation could be accompanied by more extensive training with similar troops in the EU, for example in the form of exchanges at the company level of Gebirgsjäger with their Euro-pean counterparts (Chasseurs alpins, Alpini, etc.)
• Transform the Theresianische Militärakademie into a high level European school of applied mili-tary history. This function is desperately needed to allow the Europeans to better scrutinize mili-tary history not only for the purpose of officer education, but also in order to create new concepts and new doctrines. This is a task that the Soviets performed efficiently (e.g. the creation of the Operational Manoeuvre Group during the 1980s on the basis of a revisit of tsarist and World War II experiences). Similarly, the US has had long and effective experience in this field (e.g. the ex-ploitation of German military experience from World War II). Indeed, historical studies are of paramount importance for the development of current and future military doctrine. If one assumes that sooner rather than later the Europeans will have to create their own concepts and doctrines of warfare, military history will take on considerable importance.
• Transform the curriculum medium for junior/middle ranking Austrian officers both by making attendance at the higher military schools of the major European countries (UK, Germany, France, Italy, etc.) compulsory and by assigning them to the strategic headquarters of those nations (CPCO/PJHQ/EinsatzFührungsKommando)

Eigentümer und Herausgeber: Bundesministerium für Landesverteidigung | Roßauer Lände 1, 1090 Wien
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