Transatlantic Security: New Tasks And New Challenges
erschienen in der Publikation "Jahrbuch für internationale Sicherheitspolitik 1999" (ISBN: 3-8132-0599-1) - Dezember 1999
Autor(en):Dr. F. Stephen Larrabee
The challenges posed by NATO enlargement are also examined and the pressure being put on the Alliance to propose new candidates for the second round. There are no obvious candidates for a second round, except possibly Slovenia. Austria would qualify on economic and political grounds, but its defense spending is well below NATO average and it would have to increase it significantly before it could be seriously considered for NATO membership. It further examines the challenge of working out a cooperative partnership with Russia and the danger that both sides might fail to exploit the Permanent Joint Council's full potential. The next challenge is to integrate an independent Ukraine into a broader European and transatlantic framework; although the Ukraine has opted for a non-bloc status, it has signed a Charter on a Distinctive Partnership with NATO which it can call upon if it perceives a direct threat to its security. A gradual approach with regard to the Ukraine would prevent it from being reintegrated into CIS military structures.
In conclusion it analyses the key challenge to NATO which is to revitalize and expand the US-European relationship by making it more ambitious, more global and more equal, not only regarding the inclusion of the new democracies in Eastern Europe but also the enlargement of its horizons, agenda and functions beyond the confines of Europe to those areas where vital common interests are threatened.